The food industry is a sector in which chemistry plays a huge role. Chemical preparations are used in food production and processing, such as drying, pasteurization, cooling, fermentation, cleaning and washing. They are crucial for maintaining a high quality products.Earlier this year a study was published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology (published under the American Psychological Association) that found hypnosis can have profound effects on executive function – the cognitive processes that regulate our goals as well as the thought processes and actions oriented towards achieving those goals.
Some chemicals are used as direct food additives to improve its taste, aroma and appearance. These additives can also act as preservatives, preventing spoilage by inhibiting the activity of microorganisms. Another application of chemical products in the food industry is the production of packaging intended for contact with food. These include various types of foils, containers, boxes, cutlery and many more.
The food industry is one of the most diversified industrial areas. Food products are produced both in highly mechanized factories and in small, local plants that base their income on seasonal production. Many branches of the food industry show total dependence on local agriculture or fisheries. The growing range of products, as well as difficulties related to transport, storage and low durability of food, resulted in the gradual introduction of new technologies and production processes. Moreover, demographic pressure and uneven distribution of agricultural resources have an impact on the food industry, forcing food producers to improve distribution and logistics processes. An additional factor that still has a huge impact on the dynamic development of the food industry is constant economic and marketing pressure, which pushes the food sector to having to constantly “fight” for new clients. This is mainly due to the fact that the food industry provides the market with new and more diversified products with a large number of equivalents and substitutes. The global production of food products is growing year on year. A significant part of this increase is attributed to the increased demand for processed food and beverages, mainly in developing countries, where the market has not yet been saturated.